Pena is a village set in a natural setting of rare beauty, with a permanent population of around 12 people. It stretches along a glen that leads down to the Ribeira da Pena, at an altitude of around 600 meters. This stream is the heart of the village, as its water, carried by levadas, irrigates the surrounding fields and has made farming possible for centuries. Its waters are crystal clear, although quite cold given its proximity to the source and the fact that it runs over rocky terrain. Its flow never dries up and it is therefore used by locals and visitors for bathing in the hottest months of the year. 

Nature has also been extremely generous in gifting the village with the majestic Penedos de Góis (highest point - 1040 meters), of which the "Penedo Abelha" ("Bee Stone") (the name given by the locals) stands out, a stone shaped like a lion's face.
There are several trails that allow visitors to explore the beauty of the crags and their magnificent surroundings.

The vegetation is abundant and varied. One of the village's ex-libris is its old chestnut trees, which were once the locals' livelihood. Their importance in the local economy has left its mark on the division of properties and the architecture of many houses (the existence of reeds). In Pena there are chestnut trees that are several centuries old. They are a historical heritage that should be preserved, although they are at serious risk from fires and the proliferation of fast-growing trees.

In the harshest winter months, the hills around the village are often covered in snow, particularly the Penedos de Góis and, more frequently, Trevim (at an altitude of 1,200 meters).


Geological Interest


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